quote by Jose Raul Capablanca

In order to improve your game you must study the endgame before everything else; for, whereas the endings can be studied and mastered by themselves, the middlegame and the opening must be studied in relation to the endgame.

— Jose Raul Capablanca

Exciting Endgame quotations

Capablanca was among the greatest of chess players, but not because of his endgame. His trick was to keep his openings simple, and then play with such brilliance in the middlegame that the game was decided - even though his ooponent didn't always know it - before they arrived at the ending.

The passed Pawn is a criminal, who should be kept under lock and key.

Mild measures, such as police surveillance, are not sufficient

The great World Champions Morphy, Steinitz, and Lasker were past masters in the art of Pawn play; they had no superiors in their handling of endgames. The present World Champion has not the strength of the other three as an endgame player, and is therefore inferior to them.

In order to improve your game you must study the endgame before everything else.


If you are weak in the endgame, you must spend more time analysing studies;

in your training games you must aim at transposing to endgames, which will help you to acquire the requisite experience.

The king, which during the opening and middlegame stage is often a burden because it has to be defended, becomes in the endgame a very important and aggressive piece, and the beginner should realize this, and utilize his king as much as possible.

The end is in the beginning and yet you go on.

All life long, the same questions, the same answers.

You will already have noticed how often Capablanca repeated moves, often returning to positions which he had had before. This is not lack of deciciveness or slowness, but the employment of a basic endgame principle which is 'Do not hurry'.


Enjoy the journey of life and not just the endgame.

I'm also a great believer in treating others as you would like to be treated.

The endgame is an arena in which miraculous escapes are not uncommon.

The most important feature of the Chess position is the activity of the pieces.

This is absolutely fundamental in all phases of the game: Opening, Middlegame and especially Endgame. The primary constraint on a piece's activity is the Pawn structure

To improve at chess you should in the first instance study the endgame.

Nothing is funnier than unhappiness, I grant you that… Yes, yes, it's the most comical thing in the world. And we laugh, we laugh, with a will, in the beginning. But it's always the same thing. Yes, it's like the funny story we have heard too often, we still find it funny, but we don't laugh any more.


My forte was the middlegame. I had a good feeling for the critical moments of the play. This undoubtedly compensated for my lack of opening preparation and, possibly, not altogether perfect play in the endgame. In my games things often did not reach the endgame!

A passed pawn increase in strength as the number of pieces on the board diminishes.

In the middlegame, the king is merely an extra, but in the endgame, he is one of the star actors.

A player can sometimes afford the luxury of an inaccurate move, or even a definite error, in the opening or middlegame without necessarily obtaining a lost position. In the endgame ... an error can be decisive, and we are rarely presented with a second chance.

The shortcoming of hanging pawns is that they present a convenient target for attack. As the exchange of men proceeds, their potential strength lessens and during the endgame they turn out, as a rule, to be weak.


It often happens that a player is so fond of his advantageous position that he is reluctant to transpose to a winning endgame.

Nothing is funnier than unhappiness.

For me, MMA is like speed chess. It's like I'm herding a person into a certain position. Say my endgame is an arm bar. I'm not gonna actually take you and put you there. What I'm going to do is convince you that it's a good idea to move in the direction I want you to go.

Before the endgame, the Gods have placed the middle game.

The great mobility of the King forms one of the chief characteristics of all endgame strategy. In the middlegame the King is a mere 'super', in the endgame on the other hand - on of the 'principals'. We must therefore develop him, bring him nearer to the fighting line.


Patience is the most valuable trait of the endgame player.

In the endgame, an error can be decisive, and we are rarely presented with a second chance.

Once you are in the endgame, the moment of truth has arrived.

.. The amount of points that can be gained (and saved) by correct endgame play is enormous, yet often underestimated.

To my way of thinking, Troitzky has no peer among endgame compsers;

no one else has composed so many and such varied endings of the first rank.

Modeling was not an endgame for me. I didn't particularly enjoy the act of it.


The business of the endgame is maneuvring to control critical squares, advancing or blockading passed pawns, preparing a breakthrough by the king, or exploiting the subtle superiority of one piece over another.

Faith in the endgame helps you live through the months or years of buildup.

HAMM: We're not beginning to... to... mean something? CLOV: Mean something! You and I, mean something! (Brief laugh.) Ah that's a good one!

The King plays a most important part in the endgame, and gains in power and activity as the number of pieces on the board diminishes. Acting in eight different directions, he becomes, instead of the weakest piece, one of the most formidable units.

My fascination for studies proved highly beneficial, it assisted the development of my aesthetic understanding of chess, and improved my endgame play.

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