Co-operative enterprises provide the organisational means whereby a significant proportion of humanity is able to take into its own hands the tasks of creating productive employment, overcoming poverty and achieving social integration.— Boutros Boutros-Ghali
The most competitive Boutros Boutros-Ghali quotes that are new and everybody is talking about
Democracy is an objective. Democratization is a process. Democratization serves the cause of peace because it offers the possibility of justice and of progressive change without force.
It would be some time before I fully realized that the United States sees little need for diplomacy; power is enough. Only the weak rely on diplomacy. The Roman Empire had no need for diplomacy. Nor does the United States.
Only stupid people don't change their minds.
It has long been recognized that an essential element in protecting human rights was a widespread knowledge among the population of what their rights are and how they can be defended.
A genocide in Africa has not received the same attention that genocide in Europe or genocide in Turkey or genocide in other part of the world. There is still this kind of basic discrimination against the African people and the African problems.
The next war in the Middle East will be fought over water, not politics
For us, genocide was the gas chamber - what happened in Germany.
We were not able to realize that with the machete you can create a genocide.
The failure of the United Nations - My failure is maybe, in retrospective, that I was not enough aggressive with the members of the Security Council.
The lesson I learned in Cairo still applies.
The only way to deal with bureaucrats is with stealth and sudden violence.
I believe it will take time to find a solution to the problem. Thus we must have patience.
We were not realizing that, with just a machete, you can do a genocide.
While the broad principles of democracy are universal, the fact remains that their application varies considerably ... We are at the beginning of the road, at the very beginning. We still have a long way to go.
In Yugoslavia, I'd asked for additional forces too.
I even went to meet the French prime minister, and I proposed additional forces... Nobody wanted to send troops.
We must rid the world of the scourge of these agents of death and destruction
But at the beginning, our definition of the genocide was what happened to Armenia in 1917 or 1919, it's happened to the Jew in Europe, and we were not realizing - In our point of view, they have not the tools to do a genocide.
So this is why I'm always say happy that somebody mentions Rwanda, because behind Rwanda, we have Africa.
The best way to deal with bureaucrats is with stealth and sudden violence.
The problem is when you are writing something in retrospective, it needs a lot of courage not to change, or you will forget a certain reality, and you will just take in consideration your view today.
Rwanda was considered a second-class operation;
because it was a small country, we had been able to maintain a kind of status quo. They were negotiating, they'd accepted the new peace project, so we were under the impression that everything would be solved easily.
There is a greater fatigue concerning the African problem today than five or 10 years ago. The situation now in Africa is worse today than it was 10 years ago.
But I believe that the DPKO at this time was very much involved with American administration and was acting, taking on consideration the demand or the recommendation of the American administration. American administration was very powerful.
The fact that you had disruptions in the peace process was not only in Rwanda.
We had the same problem in Cambodia, we had the same problem in Mozambique, we had the same problem in Salvador.
We got involved in the Rwanda peace process for the simple reason that there was a decision which was taken by the Security Council, because the troops were in Uganda, and we decided to have a military presence.
I used to say I never talk about my successor, neither about my predecessor.
Water will be more important than oil this century
When you have an accident, they will save their own people, and those who have worked with you or with the NGOs are left. Unfortunately, this happens always. It is not an excuse at all.
It was a mistake. I was wrong, but I discovered this many years later. I was acting on the basis of this mandate given me by the most important leaders of the world: President Bush's father, prime minister of France, President Mitterand, the Chinese, everybody.
But definitely, when a decision is taken, or when you are trying to oppose a decision, you are in a weaker position than the member states, because they know more about the situation than you. We gave information, but they never gave us any information.
The change began in Somalia, where we discovered that we were involved in an operation where there was no peace, so there was no more a peacekeeping operation because there was no peace.
For President Clinton, according to this discussion I had with him, Rwanda was a marginal problem.
The real problem was not the troops; the real problem was that only the United States had the infrastructure to do the transport of troops with big planes, and then who will pay?