Throughout history many nations have suffered a physical defeat, but that has never marked the end of a nation. But when a nation has become the victim of a psychological defeat, then that marks the end of a nation.

— Ibn Khaldun

The most professional Ibn Khaldun quotes to discover and learn by heart

The past resembles the future more than one drop of water resembles another.


Government is an institution which prevents injustice other than such as it commits itself.


Man is essentially ignorant, and becomes learned through acquiring knowledge.


He who finds a new path is a pathfinder, even if the trail has to be found again by others; and he who walks far ahead of his contemporaries is a leader, even though centuries pass before he is recognized as such.


Sedentary culture is the goal of civilization.

It means the end of its lifespan and brings about its corruption.


Businesses owned by responsible and organized merchants shall eventually surpass those owned by wealthy rulers.


Therefore, the Negro nation are, as a rule, submissive to slavery, because [Negroes] have little [that is essentially] human and have attributes that are quite similar to those of dumb animals, as we have stated.


At the beginning of a dynasty, taxation yields a large revenue from small assessments. At the end of the dynasty, taxation yields a small revenue from large assessments.


People are largely ignorant of the interests of the human species.


All the sciences came to exist in Arabic.

The systematic works on them were written in Arabic writing.


The term of life of a dynasty does not normally exceed three generations.

For in the first generation are still preserved the characteristic features of rough, uncivilized rural life, such as hard conditions of life, courage, ferocity, and partnership in authority. Therefore the strength of the 'Asabiya is maintained.


Geometry enlightlens the intellect and sets one's mind right


About Ibn Khaldun

Quotes 22 sayings
Profession Historian
Birthday May 27, 1332

The Berbers belong to a powerful, formidable, and numerous people;

a true people like so many others, the world has seen - like the Arabs, the Persians, the Greeks and the Romans.


Beyond [known peoples of black West Africa] to the south there is no civilization in the proper sense. There are only humans who are closer to dumb animals than to rational beings. They live in thickets and caves, and eat herbs and unprepared grain. They frequently eat each other. They cannot be considered human beings.


Islam is under obligation to gain power over all nations.


When incentive to acquire and obtain property is gone, people no longer make efforts to acquire any... Those who infringe upon property rights commit an injustice... If this occurs repeatedly, all incentives to cultural enterprise are destroyed and they cease utterly to make an effort. This leads to destruction and ruin of civilization.


Eventually, Aristotle appeared among the Greeks.

He improved the methods of logic and systematized its problems and details. He assigned to logic its proper place as the first philosophical discipline and the introduction to philosophy. Therefore he is called the First Teacher.


Geometry enlightens the intellect and sets one's mind right.

All of its proofs are very clear and orderly. It is hardly possible for errors to enter into geometrical reasoning, because it is well arranged and orderly. Thus, the mind that constantly applies itself to geometry is not likely to fall into error. In this convenient way, the person who knows geometry acquires intelligence.


Habits are qualities of the soul.


Man is the child of customs, not the child of his ancestors.


The sciences of only one nation, the Greeks, have come down to us, because they were translated through Al-Ma'mun's efforts. He was successful in this direction because he had many translators at his disposal and spent much money in this connection.