There is no real justification for a requirement that a budget of any sort should be balanced, except as a rallying point for those who seek to hamstring government.— William Vickrey
The most terrific William Vickrey quotes that will be huge advantage for your personal development
The insane pursuit of the holy grail of a balanced budget in the end is going to drive the economy into a depression.
The supply-side effect of a restrictive monetary policy, moreover, is likely to be perverse. High interest rates enter into costs and thus exert inflationary pressure, as well as inhibiting the expansion of capacity or the introduction of cost -reducing capital improvements.
Deficits do not in themselves produce inflation, nor does a balanced budget assure a stable price level.
There is no reason inherent in the real resources available to us why we cannot move rapidly within the next two or three years to a state of genuine full employment.
Balancing a nominal budget will solve nothing, and attempting to achieve such a spurious balance will produce much mischief.
Currently a level of unemployment of 7% or more seems to be required to keep inflation from accelerating, a level quite unacceptable as a permanent situation.
Firms would be given initial entitlements to gross markup on the basis of past performance, adjusted by changes in labor and capital inputs. This is somewhat similar to the definition of normal profits under some versions of the wartime excess -profits tax. Entitlements would be transferable and a competitive market established.
The great increase in longevity has produced a surge in the desire to accumulate assets for retirement. It has outpaced the ability of the private sector to produce assets, so we need a larger government debt.
The nominal budget is a poor indicator of the impact of government outlays and revenues.
Larger deficits are necessary and proper means to mitigate unemployment as the far greater evil in terms of human welfare.
It (land value taxation) guarantees that no one dispossess fellow citizens by obtaining a disproportionate share of what nature provides for humanity.
Practically, the desirable situation ought to be one in which any reasonably responsible person willing to accept available employment can find a job paying a living wage within 48 hours.
... often analysis seems to be based on the assumption that future economic output is almost entirely determined by inexorable economic forces independently of government policy so that devoting more resources to one use inevitably detracts from availability for another.
Nearly all educational expenditure should be considered a capital outlay.
Education provides a future return in the form of enhanced taxable income and an enhanced quality of life.
It's insane to try to balance the budget.
I define genuine full employment as a situation where there are at least as many job openings as there are persons seeking employment, probably calling for a rate of unemployment, as currently measured, of between 1 and 2 percent.
Economists are almost unanimous in conceding that the land tax has no adverse side effects. ...Landowners ought to look at both sides of the coin. Applying a tax to land values also means removing other taxes. This would so improve the efficiency of a city that land values would go up more than the increase in taxes on land.
To stick to the present situation would be something like a man who was observed in Times Square looking earnestly along the pavement. He was asked what he was looking for. He said "I lost my watch."
Don't you think you're just rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic?
If unemployment could be brought down to say 2 percent at the cost of an assured steady rate of inflation of 10 percent per year, or even 20 percent, this would be a good bargain.
This paper was one of my digressions into abstract economics.
Increasingly prices are set by sellers to raise their prices without a loss of sales sufficient to wipe out the gain.