Education must, be not only a transmission of culture but also a provider of alternative views of the world and a strengthener of the will to explore them.— Jerome Bruner
The most genuine Jerome Bruner quotes that may be undiscovered and unusual
Being able to "go beyond the information" given to "figure things out" is one of the few untarnishable joys of life.
We begin with the hypothesis that any subject can be taught effectively in some intellectually honest form to any child at any stage of development.
The agentive mind is not only active in nature, but it seeks out dialogue and discourse with other active minds. And it is through this dialogic, discursive process that we come to know the Other and his points of view, his stories. We learn an enormous amount not only about the world but about ourselves by discourse with Others.
Good teaching is forever being on the cutting edge of a child's competence.
In reference to right answers - Knowing is a process, not a product.
Understanding something in one way does not preclude understanding it in other ways.
Grasping the structure of a subject is understanding it in a way that permits many other things to be related to it meaningfully. To learn structure in short, is to learn how things are related.
It is sentimentalism to assume that the teaching of life can always be fitted to the child's interests, just as it is empty formalism to force the child to parrot the formulas of adult society. Interests can be created and stimulated.
The shrewd guess, the fertile hypothesis, the courageous leap to a tentative conclusion - these are the most valuable coins of the thinker at work. But in most schools guessing is heavily penalized and is associated somehow with laziness.
Whoever reflects recognizes that there are empty and lonely spaces between one’s experiences.
Apollo without Dionysus may indeed be a well-informed, good citizen but he's a dull fellow. He may even be 'cultured,' in the sense one often gets from traditionalist writings in education. . . . But without Dionysus he will never make and remake a culture.
The notion of multiple literacies recognized that there are many ways of being-and of becoming-literate, and that how literacy develops and how it is used depend on the particular social and cultural setting.
Telling others about oneself is...no simple matter. It depends on what we think they think we ought to be like
You are more likely to act yourself into feelings, than feel yourself into action.
I would urge that the yeast of education is the idea of excellence, and the idea of excellence comprises as many forms as there are individuals, each of whom develops his own image of excellence. The school must have as one of its principal functions the nurturing of images of excellence.
Agency presupposes choice.
We are only now on the threshold of knowing the range of the educability of man-the perfectibility of man. We have never addressed ourselves to this problem before.
Stimuli, however, do not act upon an indifferent organism.
We are storytelling creatures, and as children we acquire language to tell those stories that we have inside us.
Passion, like discriminating taste, grows on its use.
You more likely act yourself into feeling than feel yourself into action.
Knowledge is justified belief.
Teaching is the canny art of intellectual temptation
The fish will be the last to discover water.
We cannot, even given our most imaginative efforts, construct a concept of Self that does not impute some causal influence of prior mental states on later ones.
We carry with us habits of thought and taste fostered in some nearly forgotten classroom by a certain teacher.
Surely knowledge of the natural world, knowledge of the human condition, knowledge of the nature and dynamics of society, knowledge of the past so that one may use it in experiencing the present and aspiring to the future--all of these, it would seem reasonable to suppose, are essential to an educated man. To these must be added another--knowledge of the products of our artistic heritage that mark the history of our esthetic wonder and delight.
"Thinking about thinking" has to be a principle ingredient of any empowering practice of education.
Organizing facts in terms of principles and ideas from which they may be inferred is the only known way of reducing the quick rate of loss of human memory.
Learners are encouraged to discover facts and relationships for themselves.
The main characteristic of play - whether of child or adult - is not it content but its mode. Play is an approach to action, not a form of activity.
The essence of creativity is figuring out how to use what you already know in order to go beyond what you already think.
The young child approaching a new subject or anew problem is like the scientist operating at the edge of his chosen field.
The foundations of any subject may be taught to anybody at any age in some form.
There is a deep question whether the possible meanings that emerge from an effort to explain the experience of art may not mask the real meanings of a work of art.
We need to conceive of ourselves as "agents" impelled by self-generated intentions.
In the perception of the incongruous stimuli, the recognition process is temporarily thwarted and exhibits characteristics which are generally not observable in the recognition of more conventional stimuli.
In time, and as one comes to benefit from experience, one learns that things will turn out neither as well as one hoped nor as badly as one feared.