What people think, believe, and feel affects how they behave. The natural and extrinsic effects of their actions, in turn, partly determine their thought patterns and affective reactions.— Albert Bandura
The most delicious Albert Bandura quotes you will be delighted to read
Self-belief does not necessarily ensure success, but self-disbelief assuredly spawns failure.
People with high assurance in their capabilities approach difficult tasks as challenges to be mastered rather than as threats to be avoided.
Moral justification is a powerful disengagement mechanism.
Destructive conduct is made personally and socially acceptable by portraying it in the service of moral ends. This is why most appeals against violent means usually fall on deaf ears.
People not only gain understanding through reflection, they evaluate and alter their own thinking.
Most of the images of reality on which we base our actions are really based on vicarious experience.
People who believe they have the power to exercise some measure of control over their lives are healthier, more effective and more successful than those who lack faith in their ability to effect changes in their lives.
Psychology cannot tell people how they ought to live their lives.
It can however, provide them with the means for effecting personal and social change.
There are countless studies on the negative spillover of job pressures on family life, but few on how job satisfaction enhances the quality of family life.
Such knowledge is probably gained in several ways.
One process undoubtedly operates through social comparison of success and failure experiences. Children repeatedly observe their own behavior and the attainments of others
Self-doubt creates the impetus for learning but hinders adept use of previously established skills
Once established, reputations do not easily change.
When people are not aiming for anything in particular or when they cannot monitor their performance, there is little basis for translating perceived efficacy into appropriate magnitudes of effort
Ironically, it is the talented who have high aspirations, which are possible but exceedingly difficult to realize, who are especially vulnerable to self-dissatisfaction despite notable achievements.
Persons who have a strong sense of efficacy deploy their attention and effort to the demands of the situation and are spurred by obstacles to greater effort.
If you look at our theories of social pathology and then at the dismal conditions in which children grow up in our ghettos, you would predict that all of them would be on drugs or psychological basket cases. Yet if you use criteria like gainful employment, forming partnerships and life without crime, you will find that most of those kids make it.
Perceived self-efficacy also shapes causal thinking.
In seeking solutions to difficult problems, those who perceived themselves as highly efficacious are inclined to attribute their failures to insufficient effort, whereas those of comparable skills but lower perceived self-efficacy ascribe their failures to deficient ability
In social cognitive theory, perceived self-efficacy results from diverse sources of information conveyed vicariously and through social evaluation, as well as through direct experience
Freedom [should not be] conceived negatively as exemption from social influences or situational constraints. Rather...positively as the exercise of self-influence to bring about desired results.
People judge their capabilities partly by comparing their performances with those of others
If self-efficacy is lacking, people tend to behave ineffectually, even though they know what to do.
Self-efficacy beliefs differ from outcome expectations, judgments of the likely consequence [that] behavior will produce.
People who regard themselves as highly efficacious act, think, and feel differently from those who perceive themselves as inefficacious. They produce their own future, rather than simply foretell it.
Even the self-assured will raise their perceived self-efficacy if models teach them better ways of doing things.
The satisfactions people derive from what they do are determined to a large degree by their self-evaluative standards
The human condition is better improved by altering detrimental circumstances and personal perspectives than by trying to alter personal outlooks, while ignoring the very circumstances that serve to nourish them
Success and failure are largely self-defined in terms of personal standards.
The higher the self-standards, the more likely will given attainments be viewed as failures, regardless of what others might think.
A theory that denies that thoughts can regulate actions does not lend itself readily to the explanation of complex human behavior.
Self-efficacy is the belief in one's capabilities to organize and execute the sources of action required to manage prospective situations.
People behave agentically, but they produce theories that afford people very little agency.
Through their capacity to manipulate symbols and to engage in reflective thought, people can generate novel ideas and innovative actions that transcend their past experiences
The performances of others are often selected as standards for self-improvement of abilities
The adequacy of performance attainments depends upon the personal standards against which they are judged
One cannot afford to be a realist.
How children learn to use diverse sources of efficacy information in developing a stable and accurate sense of personal efficacy is a matter of considerable interest
Many people who gain recognition and fame shape their lives by overcoming seemingly insurmountable obstacles, only to be catapulted into new social realities over which they have less control and manage badly. Indeed, the annals of the famous and infamous are strewn with individuals who were both architects and victims of their life courses.
Coping with the demands of everyday life would be exceedingly trying if one could arrive at solutions to problems only by actually performing possible options and suffering the consequences.
Gaining insight into one's underlying motives, it seems, is more like a belief conversion than a self-discovery process
Even noteworthy performance attainments do not necessarily boost perceived self-efficacy
The effects of outcome expectancies on performance motivation are partly governed by self-beliefs of efficacy
Stringent standards of self-evaluation [can] make otherwise objective successes seem to be personal failures
Self-appraisals are influenced by evaluative reactions of others.
Agemates provide the most informative points of reference for comparative efficacy appraisal and verification. Children are, therefore, especially sensitive to their relative standing among the peers with whom they affiliate in activities that determine prestige and popularity
The evaluative habits developed in sibling interactions undoubtedly affect the salience and choice of comparative referents in self-ability evaluations in later life
Judgments of adequacy involve social comparison processes
People who hold a low view of themselves [will credit] their achievements to external factors, rather than to their own capabilities.
Incongruities between self-efficacy and action may stem from misperceptions of task demands, as well as from faulty self-knowledge
In the self-appraisal of efficacy, there are many sources of information that must be processed and weighed through self-referent thought
Perceived self-efficacy influences the types of causal attributions people make for their performances
Misbeliefs in one's inefficacy may retard development of the very subskills upon which more complex performances depend